Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Agatha Christie famously stated, Ã¢â¬Å"A motherÃ¢â¬â¢s love for her child is like nothing else in the world. It knows no law, no pity, it dares all things, and crushes down remorselessly all that stands in its path.Ã¢â¬ This quote relates perfectly to The Joy Luck Club, which skillfully explores the relationships of different mother, daughter pairs, illuminating the different ways love affects these relations. Throughout the novel The Joy Luck Club, Amy Tan displays how different forms of love in the stories not only show how mothers love their daughters, and vise versa, but also display how the love love shared between the pairs heal broken bonds, create strong connections, and provide insight into anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, thus maintaining a strongÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Her same eyes, her same mouth, open in surprise to see, at last, her long-cherished wish.Ã¢â¬ (288) June describes earlier in the book that she did not have the greatest relationship with her mother while she was alive, but later in the book she travels to China to restore her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"long-cherishedÃ¢â¬ wish of meeting her twin sisters, thus healing their broken relationship. The love expressed by June not only heals the broken relationship she had with her mother, but also heals the broken relationship she had with her twin sisters after spending years apart. The different examples of the power of love shown in the stories heal broken bonds. Theme of love in the stories is also displayed is throughout the creation of strong connections between mothers and daughters. In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"Best Quality,Ã¢â¬ Suyuan Woo says to her daughter, June, Ã¢â¬Å"For a long time, I wanted to give you this necklace. See, I wore this on my skin, so when you put it on your skin, then you know my meaning. This is your lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s importance. (208) The action of Suyuan giving June her pendant shows how Suyuan is creating a strong connection with June. Giving June her cherished jade pendant is SuyuanÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s importance,Ã¢â¬ which June will carry around with her and wear, creating one of the strongest mother-daughter connections in the book. The return to China for Jing-Mei Woo signifies her rediscovery or reassertion of her and her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s ethnic identity andShow MoreRelatedTheme Of The Mother And Daughter Relationship In The Joy Luck Club1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThroughout The Joy Luck Club, one major theme that kept appearing was a mother-daughter relationship. The relationship between every daughter and their mother was different, but all of the joy luck club members wanted their daughter to succeed. Each mother cared for their daughter exceptionally so and even portrayed wanting their daughter to have it much better than they ever did. For example, Lindo Jong and her daughter, Waverly Jong, had an interesting relationship. Lindo always wanted WaverlyRead MorePlunging The Joy Luck Club by Amt Tan Essay1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Joy Luck Club (1985) was written by Amy Tan (1952). The Joy Luck Club is the story of a Chinese mother who leaves everything behind, a mother who leaves her family in China in order to get her children (in this case our protagonist June) a better life. Or as Amy Tan says: Ã¢â¬Å"The Joy Luck Club, about a woman whose mother has just died and who regrets that she never knew who she truly was. The stories poured out. They were what I felt and ha d to say before it was too late. I had found my reason toRead MoreThe Joy Luck Club Is The Power Of Storytelling1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA recurring theme in The Joy Luck Club is the power of storytelling. Throughout the book, stories are used as a way to socialize, teach lessons and warn about dangers. The article Ã¢â¬Å"The Psychological Power of StorytellingÃ¢â¬ by Pamela B. Rutledge explains how stories are a form of communication. Rutledge says, Ã¢â¬Å"Stories have always been a primal form of communication.Ã¢â¬ From cavemen drawing pictures of stories on walls, to bedtime stories being read to children, sharing experiences through storiesRead MoreThe Joy Luck Club : Jing Mei Woo1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn a way, Jing-mei Woo is the main character of The Joy Luck Club. (related to what holds something together and makes it strong), her stories serve as bridges between the two generations of storytellers, as Jing-mei speaks both for herself and for her dead mother, Suyuan. Jing-mei also bridges America and China. When she travels to China, she discovers the Chinese essence within herself, this way understanding a deep connection to her mother that she had always ignored. She also brings Suyuan sRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Joy Luck Club 1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChurchill English 2 Honors, Period 0 6 September 2015 Reconciliation Swan feathers. Hopes and dreams. Broken relationships and healing. Though these concepts might initially appear incongruous, they are all depicted in the book The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan and The Joy Luck Club film directed by Wayne Wang. Both modes of interpretation show how the mothers help their daughters solve their problems by explaining the formersÃ¢â¬â¢ pasts. However, while the book leaves each of the daughtersÃ¢â¬â¢ stories open endedRead MoreAmy Tan: A Brief Biography757 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAmy Tan is an American Chinese writer most notably known for her critically acclaimed novel The Joy Luck Club, amongst many others. Amy Ruth Tan was born on February 19, 1952, in Oakland California to John and Daisy Tan. Both of AmyÃ¢â¬â¢s parents were Chinese immigrants who fled from China to escape hardships. AmyÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Daisy, divorced her abusive husband and left behind three daughters before immigrating to the United States and marrying AmyÃ¢â¬â¢s father, John. Th e marriage produced three children,Read MoreSummary Of The Joy Luck Club 853 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesExam Project Process Check #1 Book: The Joy Luck Club Author: Amy Tan By: Bala Sundaram Themes: A) The Joy luck Club presents a couple of themes but one of which, relates to an issue that is affecting many immigrant families who bring up their kids in foreign countries. In forwards, the difficulty in speaking and translating another language.The mothers and daughters in the book have difficulty in communicating their ideas and feelings with one another.The problems associated with communicatingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Joy Luck Club Essay1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1. Compare a new main theme in two novels. A main theme in two novels in this class, Bliss Me Ultima and The Joy Luck Club, is family. Family is highlighted in both books. In Bliss Me Ultima, Antonio and other members is his family every year go help his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s extended family, The Lunas, tend to their lands. In The Joy Luck Club, Jing-mei fulfills her mother wish of reuniting with her twin sisters in China. Also in The Joy Luck Club, another narrator, Lena, acts as a translator for her motherRead MoreThe, The Glass Castle By Jeannette Walls, And Flight By Sherman Alexie1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseveryone is seeing the same landscape. A prevalent theme in The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls, and Flight by Sherman Alexie is the potency and prevalence of diversity on the American dream. In each of these compelling works, connoisseurs get a taste of life from different demographicsÃ¢â¬â¢ viewpoints and a measure of what it means to be yearning for the diverse definition of American ideal s. To begin with, The Joy Luck Club centers its content around the lives of eight womenRead MoreJoy Luck Club Character Analysis1032 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn The Joy Luck Club, the daughters of the Chinese immigrant mothers consistently struggle with communication and understanding, partially because of the language barrier between them, and partially because of the different circumstances they have been raised in. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Thoughts From the Daughter of a Chinese Mother,Ã¢â¬ the writer notes an increasingly different set of values from one generation of immigrants to the next, stating Ã¢â¬Å"...the next generation of kids grow up spoiled by Western notions
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Plagiarism, the practice of taking someone elses work or ideas and passing them off as ones own (Ã¢â¬Å"PlagiarismÃ¢â¬ ). Such act is a crime and is not lightly, however what is considered plagiarism is very tricky and if you are not well informed you can easily fall victim to this crime. The most common types of plagiarism are intentional and unintentional plagiarism. Currently both of these types are punished in the same ways such as expulsion or suspension in academic groups. There has been many debate whether both should be punished the same, however it is fair to say that unintentional plagiarism is like stated in the actual word UNINTENTIONAL, this means the student did not want to commit a crime therefore they should not be punished withÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore, these people should be punished in any and everyway possible, if not they will continue to do this to advance not just in school but other places as well. Plagiarism is not only academically wrong but also ethically and morally wrong. One of the most honorable traits in a person is honesty, it is something that we are taught from very early on. It is not just a trait we are taught but it is also a way to live, if a person learns that they can deceive and get away with it they will continue to cheat at everything. Therefore, punishment for intentional plagiarism should remain strict and severe to decrease the likeliness of it to repeat. In contrast, Unintentional plagiarism is plagiarism caused by lack of knowledge and the schools failing to teach the material properly. This type of plagiarism includes poor documentation, excessive quoting and carless paraphrasing. If you put 100 students to complete a task, alarmingly a full 75 percent will unintentionally plagiarize. This is clear evidence that schools are failing to provide the necessary information. In cases like this it is unfair to punish a student for a crime they unwillingly committed, if anyone is at fault it is the professor who failed to teach the material. Committing such act is mistreating someone else for our own personal mistakes. In 1992 a professor of a university in London provided anShow MoreRelated Plagiarism Essay1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPlagiarism missing works cited Plagiarism is a distinguished sounding word. One would almost think that it sounds like some lofty philosophical ideal named for the great Greek teacher Plagiarus, something to be aspired to. This is not so. Plagiarism is in fact a moral misdemeanor, and an academic felony. By definition, plagiarism is a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle would have frowned on such a practiceRead More The Problem of Plagiarism Essay1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesresearching topics and sharing ideas, these same students are faced with the temptation to simply copy and paste information as they find it. Instances of plagiarism are on the rise, yet teachers are in a position where they cannot discontinue this type of assessment. Therefore, teachers face the question: How can we stop the rise of plagiarism among students? Input Since teachers have given assessments of any kind, students have attempted to find ways to cheat. Whether they were looking at anotherRead More Plagiarism On The Increase Essay1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Plagiarism seems to be an increasing problem in todays society, especially on college and university campuses, with the immense resources presently available to people. Previously, individuals were restricted to finding information in resources such as books, magazines, journals, encyclopedias and newspapers, but with the technology and the growth and popularity of the Internet, plagiarism has truly become an issue. There seems to be a direct correlation with the increasing use of the InternetRead MoreOvercoming Plagiarism Essay1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Plagiarism is an ever-increasing problem throughout the world today, as the internet, along with technology such as Iphones and Tablets, has made accessing another personÃ¢â¬â¢s useful work as easy as typing a few words into a search bar. Pirating that work is then a simple matter of Ã¢â¬Å"cutting and pastingÃ¢â¬ . Similarly, advanced word processors have provided a stress-free way of integrating anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s writin g into oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own, or editing a plagiarized work so that it is more difficult to detect. HoweverRead MoreEssay on Plagiarism1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescode of conduct at Clarion University plagiarism is Ã¢â¬Å"the use of anothers words without attribution and without enclosing the words in quotation marks. Plagiarism may also be defined as the act of taking the ideas or expressions of ideas of another person and representing them as ones own--even if the original paper has been paraphrased or otherwise modified.Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Department of NursingÃ¢â¬ ) A lot of people, including myself have been confused of what plagiarism really means. Through my research I foundRead More Internet Plagiarism Essay1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInternet Plagiarism Plagiarism used to be easy to catch. It always took real work for a student to try to pass off someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s work as his or her own. Different sources of plagiarizing included copying texts from the library and buying old papers off of other students. There were not many resources to choose from where a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s topic was contained. That has now changed. There is a little thing called the Internet. It has revolutionized the plagiarism world and made it a little more difficultRead MoreEssay on The Internet and Plagiarism1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Internet and Plagiarism The World Wide Web is larger than any one person can imagine. There are an infinite amount of links to libraries and other sources of information. There are numerous search engines, such as Yahoo, which make researching really easy. We can find anything that we want on line, because there are no boundaries to our explorations, and there are no laws to stop us. You can find anything from socks to guns. People can even find completed research papers online; theyRead More Plagiarism Essay1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPlagiarism For many, many years schools have been trying to stop students from plagiarizing materials. Detecting this plagiarism used to be easy because students only had access to books in the library, magazines, and encyclopedias. However, as the popularity of the Internet increased, so did the number of essays and papers being plagiarized. Students can easily go onto the internet and in no time at all find and essay on their topic of choice. For a certain fee they can buy the essay andRead More Plagiarism Essay1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPlagiarism What is plagiarism? Obviously the word must be of some importance as I know it can greatly change ones future. From what I know, plagiarism can happen by careless mistakes, being uneducated of what plagiarism really means or just on purpose to save time for themselves. Some writers may not know the actual detail of how you give another writer full credit of their work. Another could be that some students are lazy, worried or in a rush to finish a paper and think plagiarizing is theRead MoreTechnology Plagiarism Essay1934 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPlagiarism by Technology In todays technology driven world, many people are using the internet to fulfill their personal, professional, and educational goals. Technological advances make the internet easily accessible, from a variety of locations, for many people seeking education online. There are many online courses offered and many of the assignments place emphasis on the use of the internet as an information resource. This emphasis can be overwhelming to any student and lead to intentional
Project Objective The objective of this project is to implement sending and receiving text messages and video conferencing on LANA using Visual Basic. It provides functionality that enables classes to use a default application framework. Once the frame work is able to do sending and receiving messages and video conferencing on LANA, the project can be extended in future for developing audio chat as well. We will write a custom essay sample on Text Messages and Video Conferencing or any similar topic only for you Order Now Two users are able to chat by entering each othersÃ¢â¬â¢ IP addresses. Users can easily add and delete contacts from their contact list. Users can accept and reject invitations or requests of video hat. Since the only form of authentication is enabling the recipient to accept chat request, this application is not very secure to use on the Internet. But, this application is intended to be used inside a LANA where users are known and trusted. Questionnaires 1 . Who can benefit this system? 2. What are the requirements In terms of: Hardware components Software Components 3. What features does the system offer In terms of: Sending and receiving message Video Conferencing 4. How many participants do you envisage needing to use the system? Will be the equipment be used? In a single location dedicate location at school range location throughout the school 5. Where 6. Are there any maintenance and support services or contracts available to you In relation to the equipment? 7. How much was the cost of the project and when will be Its duration? 8. How easy Is the equipment to use and operate? How straightforward Is the user Interface? Statement of Problem This present study tries to analyze, design, develop, test and Implement secured LANA chat system. Specially, the study sought answer the following questions: 1. Who can benefit this system? 2. How efficient the LANA chat System Is? 3. What specific programming language needed for the proposed LANA chat System? 4. What are the technical features of the proposed system In terms of: a. Security b. Celestially d. System Process Significance of the Study The proposed system basically connects to certain people by obtaining an IP Configuration; it also provides video conferencing by obtaining the said IP address. Further, it also provides on sending and receiving messages through LANA and at the same time you can only chose and create contact list wherein a certain person you want can only interact to you by getting its IP address. This system is a project proposal intended for the students and officers/employees of some establishments for them not to need a wireless connection Just to communicate to other people or their friends. This would also allow them to connect and socialize to people like sending and receiving text message and video conferencing through LANA even though they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have connections like wireless or modem. With this system, it would be easy for them to exchange thoughts and ideas by Just communicating to their friends. Review of Related Literature The simplest computer chatting is a method of sending, receiving, and storing typed assuages with a network of users. This network could be WAN (Wide Area Network) or LANA(Local Area Network). Our chatting system will deal only with Ãâ°lanÃ¢â¬â¢s (static IP address) and it is made up of two applications one runs on the server side (any computer on the network you choose it to be the server) while the other is delivered and executed on the client PC. Every time the client wants to chat he runs the client application, enter his user name, host name where the server application is running, and hits the connect button and start chatting. The system is many-to-many arrangement; every-one is able to Ã¢â¬Å"talkÃ¢â¬ to anyone else. Messages may be broadcasted to all receivers(recipients are automatically notified of incoming messages) or sent to special individuals (private chatting through server) where during this operation all messages are encrypted at the sender side and decrypted at the recipient to disallow any hackers to the server from reading these private messages. For this system to be physically realized you should be familiar with programming and networking. Visual Basic is our programming language, TCP/IP is our network protocol, and finally Ã¢â¬Å"windows socketsÃ¢â¬ is our programming interface to have access to network functionality. Video conferencing enables direct face-to-face communication across networks. The term Ã¢â¬Ëvideo conferencingÃ¢â¬â¢ covers a range of communication activities and technologies. At one end of the scale are web- conferencing tools such as Yahoo Instant Messenger, which can be used with low- cost webs on stand-alone PCÃ¢â¬â¢s to provide basic video conferencing facilities. At the high end of the scale are dedicated video conferencing studios with specialist cameras, lighting and audio equipment. What each video conferencing system has in common is that two or more parties in different locations have the ability to monomaniac using a combination of video, audio and data. A video conference can be person to person (referred to as Ã¢â¬Ëpoint-to-pointÃ¢â¬â¢) or can involve more than two (the United Kingdom Education and Research Networking Association) to develop a national schoolsÃ¢â¬â¢ network. This will be a secure network, available from anywhere, allowing easy access to a wide range of high quality online applications, including video conferencing. Methodology Waterfall Approach In the software development process cycle, programming models are used to plan the various stages of developing an application. One such model is the waterfall del. It is called such because the model develops systematically from one phase to another in a downward fashion, like a waterfall. Requirement Gathering and Analysis Deployment of System System Design Implementation Testing Maintenance Figure 1 . Waterfall Model Figure 1 shows the model that the researchers followed from the start until the implementation of the system. It had begun in the gathering of requirements and analysis. The researchers conducted an interview with the client in order to assemble the necessary information in constructing the system Just as how the client expects it to be. Sharing of if ideas and opinions between the researchers and the client took place during the meeting of the requirements for the said system, in order to distinguish, whether such requirements could be valid and possible to be included in the system to be developed . Seer friendly interface, big capacity of storage, reliable and secure. After the requirements have been gathered and analyzed, the researchers then started to build the design of the system. The user -interface was drafted and designed according to clientÃ¢â¬â¢s request. The researchers chose IV programming Language for construction of the system. The design served as a guide on where to begin and to end. Without this, the construction of the system would be difficult. Upon finishing the chosen design of the system, the coding was started. As the coding of the system progressed, immediate testing was done to distinguish if it works in the preferred way and to remove all the bugs. When the construction of the system was at the last completed, it was tested to phase. After the successful testing of the system, it was then transported to client . The waterfall approach was used as guide to complete the system or project. Proponents System Analyst is responsible for the support of at least complex systems and applications, analyzes and understands the current state processes to ensure that the context and implications of change are understood by the clients and project teams, develops an understanding of how present and future business needs will impact to the solution and works with the clients to prioritize and rationalize the requirements of the system. The documenter or project writer develops and maintains, under the supervision of the project leader, the different documents pertaining to the management of the project including the project plan/schedule of he project closure document. In this project, the first systems analyst and the project manager is John Michael Mango. In systems development, he is responsible for the designing of the new system/application. Also required to perform as a programmer, where he actually writes the code to implement the design of the proposed application. The second systems analyst is Siebel Managua who is responsible for defining the alternate solutions to the system and also for the problems occurring at the various stages of the development process. Finally, the documenter is Johnnie Malay who designs, creates and maintains technical documentation. How to cite Text Messages and Video Conferencing, Papers
Thursday, April 23, 2020
The worlds first ban on models looking skinny to an excessive degree of being characterized as Anorexic women took place in madrid during a top-level fashion show. A Model is defined as One serving as an example to be emulated or imitated, served as or used as a model. Thats not what modeling has come to. We are not exposing women naturally marked by beauty anymore, we are revealing a pathological condition, a result of disease, a psychological disorder and there has to be a start! Why not just use models of all sizes? Not all women are built the same and the fashion industry needs to realize that. Instead of picking the perfect body type, using all body types would allow women of all shapes and sizes to be comfortable with themselves, this would reduce eating disorders and drug uses. Girls of all body types wouldnt seek perfection because they would get the message that there is no such thing. We will write a custom essay sample on Should There Be a Ban on Fashion Shows or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The biggest problem with too thin models and celebrities is that they are the people that young girls want to be,or look like. Having a healthy body is far more important that anything else. But girls from very early ages on, who have low self-images are doing very unhealthy things to try to be skinny. Second of All, women should be choosen based on their ability to walk the runway and not by their size but by their ability to model(walk technic, healthy things). I think the success of the model should be based more on these aspects then size. This is why I aggree on what Spain did. They are addressing a major message to all models. For too many young models have lost their lives, distroyed their health, trying to keep their jobs. This message brought by Spain can save millions of lives, and all countries should apply this ban. We need women to realize the power they have over their industries and take stand. As a man, I think that the Spanish decision is great, and about time too. I, and all of the men that I know, have
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Tsunami essays In the early hours of Boxing Day (0058 GMT) an earthquake six miles deep and measuring 9.8 on the richer scale (the largest for forty years) occurred under the Indian Ocean. This caused a huge Tsunami which The earthquake occurred when the Eurasian plate (continental crust) moved against the Australian plate (oceanic crust) (compacting it) on the destructive plate boundary. The Tsunami was travelling 500 mph over water and when it reached land it slowed but increased in height making it more dangerous still. In some places the Tsunami reached as far as one km inland. The tsunami destroyed countryside, housing, hotels and infrastructure but the highest costing was the loss of lies. Over 150 00 are dead and hundreds of thousands are still missing. The secondary effects are no less devastating. Water born diseases such as cholera, dysentery and malaria are spreading fast and there is a lack of clean water as wells are contaminated, there is also a lack in food getting to the survivors causing famine and in the abandoned houses criminals are looting the areas. Another grim effect of the tsunami is the abduction of children by criminal gangs to be used as slaves, sold for adoption or even, used for sex. The tsunami caused so much destruction as the countries hit had absolutely no tsunami warning system, the only sign they had was the sudden retreat of the water although people believed were told (whoever you believe) that they were quite safe and this was totally normal. They were totally unprepared for such n occurrence so had no evacuation system or emergency rations. The death toll could have been reduced if the earthquake had not occurred during the festive season, as inevitably there was a great The UK generated 60 million in one week although did not respond ...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Dynamic Character vs. Static Character How Are They Different Dynamic Character vs. Static Character: How Are They Different? A common piece of criticism you'll hear in fiction is that characters are "too static." Modern audiences can tell when a character isnÃ¢â¬â¢t interesting or realistic, based on their own lack of emotional investment in that characterÃ¢â¬â¢s journey. As a result, authors feel compelled to ensure that their protagonist is a dynamic character - and that many of their other characters are, too.And we want to help them out! Which is why in this article, we'll take a look at the different types of dynamic characters and how authors can write them into their books. We'll also examine static characters and why authors should avoid them most (but not all) of the time.As a fun bonus, we've created an exciting new infographic that illustrates three common narratives associated with these characters. To jump straight to the infographic, click on Infographic: "The Book Deal" in the table of contents to your left! You can also watch our video on how to create dynamic characters below. Otherwi se, let's dive in. What is a dynamic character?A dynamic characterÃ is a character who undergoes substantial internal change - in personality, attitude, or worldview - over the course of the narrative. This change usually happens gradually, though sometimes a character will have a revelation that changes everything about them very suddenly.Most well-developed characters are naturally dynamic. After all, characters who don't change at all typically don't have book-worthy adventures. And no matter what the story, readers almost always prefer reading about dynamic characters over static ones. That's why some of the most classic tales of all time feature distinctively dynamic protagonists: Ebenezer Scrooge, Elizabeth Bennet, Don Quixote, the list goes on and on.Keep in mind that protagonists, antagonists, and minor characters can all be dynamic. For the sake of focus, this article deals with main characters. However, everything we cover re: how to write a dynamic protagonist can also apply to supportin g characters. Ebenezer Scrooge - one of the most famous dynamic protagonists ever. (Image: Walt Disney Studios)The difference between "dynamic" and "well-rounded"Many people mistakenly believe that a dynamic character is exactly the same as a well-rounded character. But "dynamic" simply means that the character changes, while "well-rounded" means that they're fleshed out with a backstory, motivations, strengths, weaknesses, etc.There's a great deal of overlap, and most well-written protagonists are both dynamic and well-rounded. However, it's possible to have a character that changes throughout the story, but otherwise lacks substantial development (though this is a pretty unusual occurrence).You'll more commonly see well-rounded characters who change very little (if at all) in a story - usually to serve as a constant for another character. For example, in To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is clearly well-rounded. But that doesn't mean he's dynamic; indeed, his attitude and views remain the s ame through the story. His steadfast morality serves to teach his daughter, Scout, about right and wrong. Consequently, she is the dynamic protagonist, while he facilitates that change. Dynamic character = well-rounded character: true or false? Find out here! What is a static character?As you might expect, a static character does not develop or change throughout a narrative. Their beliefs do not evolve, their personalities remain the same, and their worldview does not expand or adapt whatsoever.So why do static characters even exist? The answer is twofold. Firstly, static characters exist because not all authors know how to write a good character arc. Particularly in shorter pieces of fiction, you'll often see a character who seemsÃ like they should undergo some kind of development or change, but ultimately doesn't.But secondly, sometimes static characters are written that way intentionally, to make a point or poke fun at a certain type of person. For example, Mr Collins in Pride and Prejudice is a static character. However, he acts as an example of a silly society man, and his foolishness and pomposity contrast humorously with Lizzy's perceptive wit.Static characters may be used as foils or even enemies to the dynamic protagonist, such as the Dursleys in Harry Potter, or just about every Disney villain ever. Finally, static characters can sometimes be positively symbolic or instructive, as in the TKAM example above. But this is relatively rare compared to the other types of static characters, who tend to be stupid and/or malevolent.The important thing to remember about static characters is that they should almost always be accompanied by dynamic characters. Dynamic characters give static characters purpose; without them, our static friends would just be languishing in a plotless wasteland. The sole exception to this rule is satire - if the entire story functions as a critique, all the characters may be unchanging in order to demonstrate their unintelligence or weakness. The wicked stepsisters are static character "foils" to the sweet, kind Cinderella. (Image: RKO Radio Pictures)How to write a dynamic characterIn a creative writing course, you could spend weeks learning different approaches for writing dynamic characters. This guide won't provide you with "the key" to creating a dynamic protagonist, but it will offer questions and considerations to guide you toward that goal.We also won't talk about how to write static characters, as you want to avoid them most of the time. However, if you're hoping to create a static character to serve some significant purpose in your story, know that most of the steps are basically the same - you'll just stop short of actually setting them on a journey.We recommend downloading this free character profile template before you start. Then read on for some helpful tips!Character creationThe first step to writingÃ anyÃ character, but especially a dynamic one, is to get their essentials down first. For this, many au thors find it useful to create a character sheet. This isÃ a little dossier that answers some basic questions about each individual in your story, both physically and personality-wise.So let's say your protagonist is a doctor. Her character sheet might answer these questions:What kind of medical school did she go to, and what kind of student was she?How is her relationship with her family? Does she currently have a partner?What is her religious faith and how does it affect her work (if at all)?Does she have any bad habitsÃ or strange quirks?How self-conscious or confident is she?How frugal is she with her money?And so on. The answers to these questions might not always make it onto the page, but knowing even seemingly inconsequential details about your characters can have a big impact on your story. These kinds of character development exercises really help build believable people to populate your book - characters who readers want to follow, even before they begin to change.Ch aracter motivationAnother critical component of dynamic character creation isÃ motivation.Ã In order for a protagonist to go on a journey of self-discovery, they have to pursue something that they want, need, or are otherwise compelled toward.For instance, your main character might be a jet-setting career man who wants romance and a family; an army medic who wants to survive the war; or a retired gunslinger who wants to be left alone. This desire donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be grand and philosophical! There have been great stories told about no more than a young boy who wants a new pair of shoes. There's that retired gunslinger. (Image: Warner Bros)A protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s desires will become a driving force in the story. How close or far a character comes to achieving a goal creates tension and moves their journey along. Typically, in order to change, a character must either A) reach their goal, or B) fail to do so, but realize something greater in the process.Here are a few questions to help you determine your characters' motivations and trajectories:Will the character get what theyÃ want, but at a dear cost?What personal obstacle(s) must they overcome before the desire is reached/obtained?How will securing this goal - or failing to do so - alter them as a character?What if your protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest desire is simply impossible?Internal character conflictWhile conflict is often interpreted as "protagonist vs. antagonist," itÃ¢â¬â¢s far more important to consider a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s internal conflict. When telling the story of your characterÃ¢â¬â¢s personal jo urney, it's important for them to encounter conflict, as theyÃ themselvesÃ hinder their own success. Here are a few examples of dynamic characters' inner conflicts to show you what we mean:Dumbo is a story about fighting fears and self-doubt. DumboÃ¢â¬â¢s buddy, Timothy Mouse, gives him a "magic feather" to help him fly. He loses this feather in the final scene, and must overcome his internal fear and self-doubt to save the circus.In Great Expectations, it is only when Pip realizes his worldview has been wrong - that Miss Havisham is not his benefactor, that Estella has not been promised to him, and that he has treated his closest friends and family terribly in order to "become a gentleman" - that he can start to make things right.Elizabeth Bennet has feelings for Darcy, but before she can find happiness, she must overcome her own wounded pride. Likewise, Darcy must grapple with his class-bred prejudices before he can successfully woo Ms. Bennet. These internal conflicts are the essence of Pride and Prejudice.Before you write your first draft, consider how your protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s flaws or specific worldview will work as an obstacle between them and their goal. Likewise, consider how the resolution of these issues will bring your protagonist closer to their desires - and ultimately to a different state of being.Use external conflict to show internal strugglesMost novels canÃ¢â¬â¢t unfold in an entirely internal, psychic landscape. Authors need to find ways to move their protagonists through time and space as they undergo internal changes. In other words, you have to show character development via external conflict, instead of just letting characters sit around thinking about self-improvement 24/7.Jay GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s extravagant parties and upper-class affectations show his desire to rewrite his history and transcend the American class system. If GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s fatal flaw is his refusal to accept that the past is past, the external conflict that re flects plays out in his pursuit of and affair with Daisy, and the fatal repercussions it has.Fitzgerald more extensively shows this conflict by putting Gatsby at odds with Tom Buchanan. A cruel, unlikable figure, Tom is nonetheless everything Gatsby aspires to: an old-money WASP married to Daisy, GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood crush. But because Gatsby cannot turn this desire into a change he can actually make - i.e., he can't go back in time and change the circumstances of his birth - he becomes increasingly desperate, careless, and ultimately meets his karmic maker. Jay Gatsby, Daisy Buchanan, and Tom Buchanan from The Great Gatsby (Image: Warner Bros)Can they change for the worse?Growth is subjective, as is morality. Characters sometimes fall to the "dark side" over the course of a story, like Walter White in TVÃ¢â¬â¢s Breaking Bad. Walter White is a family man and high school chemistry teacher with terminal cancer. To make money before his death, he starts manufacturing drugs and becomes involved with the criminal underworld.Over the course of the series, Walter White's morality is put to the test in ever more extreme ways. Each external conflict Walter faces has an internal result, and throughout the series we watch him toe the line between good and evil. His original intentions - to protect his family even after his death - are noble, but his means to this end are nefarious. As a result, Walter must Ã¢â¬Å"break badÃ¢â¬ in what has become a modern exemplar of character evolution.But what if the protagonist doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really change ?If the mark of an interesting lead character is their personal growth, then their story will chart a journey from the person they were in chapter one to the person they are on the final page. But surely there are plenty of compelling characters who encounter conflict, yet do not change all that much over the course of a narrative?As we've discussed previously, it's definitely possible for a character to be well-rounded without changing very much. But what about a main character? Let's look at a few examples here.From the outside, Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be your first example of a dynamic character. She starts out courageous, resourceful, and principled, and stays that way throughout the story. Even after the Games put her ideals to the ultimate test, it's only through her selflessness and resourcefulness can she beat the system and leave with them intact.In Andy WeirÃ¢â¬â¢s The Martian, supremely chill botanist Mark Watney is trapped on Mars. He quick ly realizes that only his ingenuity and knowledge of science can save him. He encounters a chain of disasters that threaten to break his resolve. Instead of finding some internal flaw that needs resolving, itÃ¢â¬â¢s only by maintaining his trademark cool and returning time and again to science, that Watney is able to escape the Red Planet. Matt Damon as Mark Watney in The Martian (20th Century Fox)Don't worry: they're still dynamicBoth Katniss and Mark Watney find the strength to survive by sticking to their guns and having faith in their beliefs. But this doesn't mean they haven't changed at all - it's just that the primary change they've undergone is a strengthening of their core beliefs, rather than a fundamental alteration. They also experience smaller, more subtle changes, such as becoming more hardened to their surroundings and wary of danger.In other words, Katniss and Watney aren't what you'd call "exemplary" dynamic characters, but they're not static characters either. And clearly their journeys were compelling enough to engage readers, since both The Hunger GamesÃ andÃ The MartianÃ became mega-hit bestsellers and blockbuster movies!Speaking of which, let's take a look at this awesome infographic (featuring some of your favorite characters) to really nail down the arc of a dynamic character.Infographic: "The Book Deal" Infographic: What does a dynamic character's arc look like? To see how a protagonist's wants, strengths, and flaws willÃ influenceÃ how a story plays out, we took three familiar characters and placed them in an unfamiliar setting. Let's see how they develop over the course of aÃ narrative: Failure to change results in tragedyWhen your protagonist grapples with inner and outer conflict,Ã but fails to adapt, they are almost always punished - by themselves, another person, or the universe. This is what we callÃ tragedy.In Cyrano de Bergerac,Ã the titular character is in love with Roxane. However, his self-doubt prevents him from revealing that he has written the words that have won her heart. Cyrano does not overcome this doubt in time, and becomes mortally injured before Roxane realizes that she loves him.And in an example we've already covered, Jay Gatsby learns too late that Ã¢â¬Å"there are no second acts in American lives.Ã¢â¬ He wants to force his way into the upper classes, but heÃ¢â¬â¢s unable to see that this world will not allow him in. He refuses to divert his course so, in the end, we find him bleeding out, alone, in his swimming pool.Both of these characters encounter conflict and grapple with their flaws in a fascinating way. But in the end, thei r failure to change themselves results in their tragic deaths.How much change is too much?Assuming you want your book to remain within the realm of believability, your characterÃ¢â¬â¢s change should be relatively small. Human beings are capable of great change, but only a bit a time.Again, Ebenezer Scrooge is perhaps the most classic example of a dynamic protagonist. But if weÃ¢â¬â¢re being honest, the man at the end who buys 300-pound turkeys for the poor does not remotely resemble the penny-pinching miser in the first scene. However, nobody questions the psychological truth of ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s overnight transformation because A Christmas Carol is a moralist fable. It's not meant to be realistic, only to instruct.That said, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing a modern series, you should also be conscious of changing your characters too quickly or drastically. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s say that your breakout character is an irreverent, womanizing highwayman. You can have him confronted by a victim of h is crime or philandering - something that forces him to reassess his lifestyle choices.Yet you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want him to learn too much. Otherwise you run the risk of turning your series into the ongoing narrative of a former highwayman, who now very much respects property rights and does not flirt with women quite so aggressively. The key is balance: don't stray too far from your character's original personality, but allow them to change in an organic way, at a reasonable pace.Remember: there's no formula for great charactersShould your story not follow one of these common patterns, you may find itÃ¢â¬â¢s harder to nail down exactly how internal flaws and external conflicts play out over the course of your book. But even in unconventional narratives, always remember to think of the basics: What does your character want? WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s stopping them from getting it? And will they find the strength to change? These questions will help you - and your characters - find the right way .If you have any questions, thoughts or observations, please share them in the comments below.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Artical about education - Essay Example The author pinpoints the basis of the Education National Key Result Areas which are abbreviated as NKRAs. The government has decided for its own self four sub-areas which would meet the national educational objectives so that there is a complete guarantee of strong and competitive workforce, which is maintained at all times. The article lists down how the preschoolersÃ¢â¬â¢ enrolment has been increased drastically and how government is playing its proactive role at leveling up the Year One children which have slow learning attributes within them in an apparent manner (Kamini, 2011). The national preschool committee is also one of the initiatives that the NKRA has undertook which basically harmonizes the quality that is present between the public and private preschools present within Malaysia. The role of the Malaysian government has been highlighted to a good enough extent and all out possibilities within its folds are talked about at great length. The different training programs h ave also been mentioned and the incentives and subsidies are also noted upon within the realms of the article. Works Cited Kamini, R. S. Going all out for Children.